Distinguished Service Professor

The Theodore J. Shepard Endowed Professor in Marine Biology

Professor of Biological Sciences

Nicholls State University

Thibodaux, LA 70310

Tel: 985-448-4711/4700


Tulane University, Department of Ecology, Evolution, and Organismal Biology, New Orleans, LA

Doctor of Philosophy, Fall 1994 – Spring 1999

East China Normal University, Department of Biology, Shanghai, China

Bachelor of Science, Fall 1982 – Spring 1986

Professional Experiences:

Distinguished Service Professor, August 2020 – Present

Head, Department of Biological Sciences, Nicholls State University, May 2016 – July 2017

The Theodore J. Shepard Endowed Professor in Marine Biology, August, 2013 – Present

Full Professor, Nicholls State University, Department of Biological Sciences, August, 2012 – Present

Associate Professor, Nicholls State University, Department of Biological Sciences, August, 2006 – July, 2012 

Assistant Professor, Nicholls State University, Department of Biological Sciences, August, 2001 – July, 2006

Post-doctoral Fellow, The University of California at Davis, Institute of Toxicology and Environmental Health and Department of Environmental Toxicology, 1999 – 2001

Recent Publications (*Undergraduate Author and #Graduate Author Mentored by Zou):

Zou, E. (2020) Invisible endocrine disruption and its mechanisms: A current review. Gen. Comp. Endocrinol. 293: 113470. 

Zou, E. (2019) Aquatic invertebrate endocrine disruption. In: Choe, J.C. (Ed.), Encyclopedia of Animal Behavior, (2nd ed.). vol. 2, pp. 470-482. Elsevier, Academic Press.

Ostrowski, A. # and Zou, E. (2018) Exogenous 20-hydroxyecdysone induces epidermal carbonic anhydrase but inhibits exoskeletal calcification in the post-ecdysial blue crab, Callinectes sapidus. Gen. Comp. Endocrinol. 268: 57-63.

Hagen, A.* and Zou, E. (2017) Triclosan stimulates the activity of the molting enzyme N-acetyl-β-glucosaminidase in the epidermis of the fiddler crab, Uca pugilator. Fresen. Environ. Bull. 26: 3764-3767. 

Zou, E. (2017) Aquatic Invertebrate Endocrine Disruption, In Reference Module in Life Sciences, Elsevier, ISBN: 978-0-12-809633-8. [Update of Zou, E. (2010) Aquatic Invertebrate Endocrine Disruption. Encyclopedia of Animal Behavior, volume 1, pp. 112-123. Oxford: Academic Press. (Invited book chapter)]

Booth, A. # and Zou, E. (2016) Impact of molt-disrupting BDE-47 on epidermal ecdysteroid signaling in the blue crab, Callinectes sapidus, in vitro. Aquat. Toxicol. 177: 373-379.

Calhoun, S. # and Zou, E. (2016) Epidermal carbonic anhydrase activity and exoskeletal metal content during the molting cycle of the blue crab, Callinectes sapidus. J. Exp. Zool. Part A 325: 200-208.

Luo, J., Pei, S., Jing, W., Zou, E., Wang, L. (2015) Cadmium inhibits molting of the freshwater crab Sinopotamon henanenseby reducing the hemolymph ecdysteroid content and the activities of chitinase and N-acetyl-β-glucosaminidase in the epidermis. Comp. Biochem. Physiol. Part C 169: 1-6.

Li, R., Zhou, Yan, Wang, L., Ren, G., Zou, E. (2014) Effects of cadmium alone and in combination with low molecular weight chitosan on metallothionein, glutathione-S-transferase, acid phosphatase, and ATPase of freshwater crab Sinopotamonyangtsekiense. Environ. Toxicol. 29: 298-309.

Hotard, K.* and Zou, E. (2013) Does crustacean ethoxyresorufin O-deethylase activity vary during the molting cycle? Environ. Toxicol. Chem. 32: 2345-2348.

Davies, R. and Zou, E. (2012) Polybrominated diphenyl ethers disrupt molting in neonatal Daphnia magna. Ecotoxicology 21: 1371-1380.

Felterman, M.* and Zou, E. (2011) The exogenous methyl farnesoate does not impact ecdysteroid signaling in the crustacean epidermis in vivo. Aquaculture 317: 251-254.

Zou, E. (2010) Aquatic Invertebrate Endocrine Disruption. In: Breed M.D. and Moore J., (eds.) Encyclopedia of Animal Behavior, volume 1, pp. 112-123. Oxford: Academic Press. (Invited book chapter)

Meng, Y. # and Zou, E. (2009) Impacts of molt-inhibiting organochlorine compounds on epidermal ecdysteroid signaling in the fiddler crab, Uca pugilator, in vitro. Comp. Biochem. Physiol. Part C 150: 436-441.

Meng, Y. # and Zou, E. (2009) A molecular biomarker for disruption of crustacean molting: the N-acetyl-b-glucosaminidasemRNA in the epidermis of the fiddler crab. Bull. Environ. Contam. Toxicol. 82: 554-558.

Zou, E. (2009) Effects of hypoxia and sedimentary naphthalene on the activity of N-acetyl-b-glucosaminidase in the epidermis of the brown shrimp, Penaeus aztecus. Bull. Environ. Contam. Toxicol. 82: 579-582.

Toups, E. A.* and Zou, E. (2009) Epidermal collagenase activity and its induction by 20-hydroxyecdysone in the fiddler crab, Uca pugilator.Curr. Zool. 55: 75-80.

Hotard, S.* and Zou, E. (2008) The activity of glutathione S-transferase in the hepatopancreas is not influenced by the molting cycle in the fiddler crab, Uca pugilator. Bull. Environ. Contam. Toxicol. 81: 242-244. [Covered by the science news magazine Biotech Business Week 2008 (September 15), Page 645 and Pharmacy Choice website:]

Ye, R. # and Zou, E. (2008) Hypoxia does not promote naphthalene bioaccumulation in the brown shrimp, Penaeus aztecus. Mar. Pollut. Bull. 57: 307-312.

Zou, E. and Stueben, B.* (2006) Acute exposure to naphthalene reduces oxyregulating capacity of the brown shrimp, Penaeus aztecus, subjected to progressive hypoxia. Mar. Biol. 149: 1411-1415.

Zou, E. (2005) Impacts of xenobiotics on crustacean molting: the invisible endocrine disruption. Integr. Comp. Biol. (formerly Am. Zool.) 45: 33-38. 

Zou, E. and Bonvillain, R.* (2004) Chitinase activity in the epidermis of the fiddler crab, Uca pugilator, as an in vivo screen for molt-interfering xenobiotics. Comp. Biochem. Physiol. Part C 139: 225-230.

Zou, E. and Bonvillain, R.* (2003) Effects of all-trans-and 9-cis-retinoic acids on blood glucose homeostasis in the fiddler crab, Ucapugilator. Comp. Biochem. Physiol. Part C 136: 199-204.

Zou, E. (2003) Current status of environmental endocrine disruption in selected aquatic invertebrates. Acta Zool. Sin. 49: 551-565.

Zou, E. and Matsumura, F. (2003) Long-term exposure to b-HCH promotes transformation and invasiveness of MCF7 human breast cancer cells. Biochem. Pharmacol. 66: 831-840.

Zou, E. and Fingerman, M. (2003) Endocrine disruption of sexual development, reproduction and growth in crustaceans: current perspectives. Curr. Top. Pharmacol. 7: 69-80.

Hatakeyama, M., Zou, E., and Matsumura, F. (2002) Comparison of the characteristic of estrogenic action patterns of b-HCH and heregulinb1 in MCF-7 human breast cancer cells. J. Biochem. Mol. Toxicol. 16: 209-219.

Zou, E., Hatakeyama, M., and Matsumura, F. (2002) Foci formation of MCF7cells as an in vitro screening method for estrogenic chemicals.Environ. Toxicol. Pharmacol. 11: 71-77.

Hatakeyama, M., Tessier, D. M., Dunlap, D. Y., Zou, E., and Matsumura, F. (2002) Mechanism of estrogenic action of b-HCH through activation of c-Neu/ErbB2 in MCF7 human breast carcinoma cells. Environ. Toxicol. Pharmacol. 11: 27-38.

Zou, E. and Fingerman, M. (2000) External features of an intersex fiddler crab, Uca pugilator (Bosc, 1802) (Decapoda, Brachyura).Crustaceana 73: 417-423.

Zou, E. and Fingerman, M. (1999) Patterns of N-acetyl-b-glucosaminidase isoenzymes in the epidermis and hepatopancreas and induction of N-acetyl-b-glucosaminidase activity by 20-hydroxyecdysone in the fiddler crab, Uca pugilator. Comp. Biochem. Physiol. Part C 124: 345-349.

Zou, E. and Fingerman, M. (1999) Effects of exposure to diethyl phthalate, 4-tert-octylphenol, and 2,4,5-trichlorobiphenyl on activity of chitobiase in the epidermis and hepatopancreas of the fiddler crab, Uca pugilator, Comp. Biochem. Physiol. Part C 122: 115-120.

Zou,E. and Fingerman, M. (1999) Effects of estrogenic agents on chitobiase activities of the epidermis and hepatopancreas of the fiddler crab, Uca pugilator. Ecotoxicol. Environ. Saf. 42: 185-190.

Zou, E. and Fingerman, M. (1999) Chitobiase activities in the epidermis and hepatopancreas of the fiddler crab, Uca pugilator, during the molting cycle. Mar. Biol. 133: 97-101.

Zou, E. and Fingerman, M. (1997) Effects of estrogenic agents on molting of the water flea, Daphnia magna. Ecotoxicol. Environ. Saf. 38: 281-285.

Zou, E. and Fingerman, M. (1997) Synthetic estrogenic agents do not interfere with sex differentiation but do inhibit molting of a cladoceran, Daphnia magna. Bull. Environ. Contam. Toxicol. 58: 596-602.

Zou, E. (1997) Effects of sublethal exposure to zinc chloride on the reproduction of the water flea, Moina irrasa (Cladocera). Bull. Environ. Contam. Toxicol. 58: 437-441. 

Zou, E., Du, N., Lai, W. (1996) The effects of severe hypoxia on lactate and glucose concentrations in the blood of the Chinese crab, Eriocheir sinensis (Crustacea: Decapoda). Comp. Biochem. Physiol. Part A 114: 105-109.

Zou, E., Du, N., Lai, W. (1995) The effects of mass, temperature and thermal acclimation on the respiration rate of the Chinese crab, Eriocheir sinensis. Zool. Res. 16: 49-58.

Zou, E. (1995) Chronic toxicity of cadmium and copper to the water flea, Moina irrasa. China Environ. Sci.15: 157-160.

Zou, E. and Bo, S.* (1994) Acute toxicity of cadmium, copper and zinc to the water flea, Moina irrasa. Bull. Environ. Contam. Toxicol. 52: 742-748.

Zou, E., Du, N., Lai, W. (1993) The effects of progressive hypoxia on the respiration rate of the Chinese crab, Eriocheir sinensis. Zool. Res. 14: 327-334.

Academic Services

Editorial Board Member

Environmental Toxicology (Since 2013) (

Grant Proposal Reviewer

National Science Foundation

Alaska Sea Grant

Mississippi-Alabama Sea Grant

Rhode Island Sea Grant

Woods Hole Sea Grant

Manuscript Reviewer

Animal Reproduction Science


Aquaculture Research

Aquatic Toxicology

Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 

Biological Bulletin

Bulletin of Marine Science


Chinese Journal of Oceanography and Limnology

Current Zoology (formerly Acta Zoologica Sinica)

Comparative Physiology and Biochemistry


Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety

Environmental Pollution

Environmental Science and Pollution Research

Environmental Science & Technology

Environmental Toxicology

Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry

Food Science and Human Wellness

Fresenius Environmental Bulletin


General and Comparative Endocrinology


Integrative and Comparative Biology (formerly American Zoologist) 

International Biodeterioration & Biodegradation

International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health

Journal of Crustacean Biology

Journal of Endocrinology

Journal of Insect Physiology

Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology

Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health Sciences

Marine Biodiversity Records

Pesticide Biochemistry and Physiology


Quintessence: Excellence in Environmental Contamination and Toxicology

Toxicological & Environmental Chemistry

Water, Air, & Soil Pollution

Zoological Science